• يس
    Surah Yaseen
    Ya-Sin
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    Details
    Surah Number 36
    Meanings & Titles of Surah Yāʾ Sīn (a name of Muhammad)
    Place of Revelation Makkah
    Number of Verses 83
    Number of Rukus 5
    Number of Words (Without Repeated Words) 457
    Total Number of Words 730
    Number of Letters 3068
    Page Number 440
    Juz Number 22 & 23
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    Surah Yaseen

    Contents

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:1
      ي-س
      يسٓ یٰسٓ ya-seen Ya Seen.
      ١ ١ (1)

      ​Y.S.

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:2
      ق-ر-ا
      وَٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ وَالْقُرْاٰنِ wal-qur'āni By the Quran
      ح-ك-م
      ٱلۡحَكِيمِ الْحَكِیْمِ l-ḥakīmi the Wise.
      ٢ ٢ (2)

      ​By the Recital, full of wisdom,

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:3
      ا-ن-ن
      إِنَّكَ اِنَّكَ innaka Indeed, you
      م-ن
      لَمِنَ لَمِنَ lamina (are) among
      ر-س-ل
      ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ الْمُرْسَلِیْنَ l-mur'salīna the Messengers,
      ٣ ٣ (3)

      ​you are one of the emissaries,

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:4
      ع-ل-ي
      عَلَىٰ عَلٰی ʿalā On
      ص-ر-ط
      صِرَٰطٖ صِرَاطٍ ṣirāṭin a Path
      ق-و-م
      مُّسۡتَقِيمٖ مُّسْتَقِیْمٍ mus'taqīmin Straight.
      ٤ ٤ (4)

      ​on a straight path,

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:5
      ن-ز-ل
      تَنزِيلَ تَنْزِیْلَ tanzīla A revelation
      ع-ز-ز
      ٱلۡعَزِيزِ الْعَزِیْزِ l-ʿazīzi (of) the All-Mighty,
      ر-ح-م
      ٱلرَّحِيمِ الرَّحِیْمِ r-raḥīmi the Most Merciful,
      ٥ ٥ (5)

      ​by way of revelation from the Almighty, the Merciful,

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:6
      ن-ذ-ر
      لِتُنذِرَ لِتُنْذِرَ litundhira That you may warn
      ق-و-م
      قَوۡمٗا قَوْمًا qawman a people
      م-ا
      مَّآ مَّاۤ not
      ن-ذ-ر
      أُنذِرَ اُنْذِرَ undhira were warned
      ا-ب-و
      ءَابَآؤُهُمۡ اٰبَآؤُهُمْ ābāuhum their forefathers,
      ه-م
      فَهُمۡ فَهُمْ fahum so they
      غ-ف-ل
      غَٰفِلُونَ غٰفِلُوْنَ ghāfilūna (are) heedless.
      ٦ ٦ (6)

      ​so you may warn a people whose ancestors had not been warned and so they were heedless.

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:7
      ق-د
      لَقَدۡ لَقَدْ laqad Certainly,
      ح-ق-ق
      حَقَّ حَقَّ ḥaqqa (has) proved true
      ق-و-ل
      ٱلۡقَوۡلُ الْقَوْلُ l-qawlu the word
      ع-ل-ي
      عَلَىٰٓ عَلٰۤی ʿalā upon
      ك-ث-ر
      أَكۡثَرِهِمۡ اَكْثَرِهِمْ aktharihim most of them
      ه-م
      فَهُمۡ فَهُمْ fahum so they
      ل-ا
      لَا لَا (do) not
      ا-م-ن
      يُؤۡمِنُونَ یُؤْمِنُوْنَ yu'minūna believe.
      ٧ ٧ (7)

      ​The Word has already been proven true against most of them, but they do not believe.

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:8
      ا-ن-ن
      إِنَّا اِنَّا innā Indeed, We
      ج-ع-ل
      جَعَلۡنَا جَعَلْنَا jaʿalnā [We] have placed
      ف-ي
      فِيٓ فِیْۤ on
      ع-ن-ق
      أَعۡنَٰقِهِمۡ اَعْنَاقِهِمْ aʿnāqihim their necks
      غ-ل-ل
      أَغۡلَٰلٗا اَغْلٰلًا aghlālan iron collars,
      ه-ي
      فَهِيَ فَهِیَ fahiya and they
      ا-ل-ي
      إِلَى اِلَی ilā (are up) to
      ذ-ق-ن
      ٱلۡأَذۡقَانِ الْاَذْقَانِ l-adhqāni the chins,
      ه-م
      فَهُم فَهُمْ fahum so they
      ق-م-ح
      مُّقۡمَحُونَ مُّقْمَحُوْنَ muq'maḥūna (are with) heads raised up.
      ٨ ٨ (8)

      ​We have put yokes on their necks, reaching their chins, so their heads are forced up;

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:9
      ج-ع-ل
      وَجَعَلۡنَا وَجَعَلْنَا wajaʿalnā And We have made
      م-ن
      مِنۢ مِنْ min before them
      ب-ي-ن
      بَيۡنِ بَیْنِ bayni before them
      ي-د-ي
      أَيۡدِيهِمۡ اَیْدِیْهِمْ aydīhim before them
      س-د-د
      سَدّٗا سَدًّا saddan a barrier
      م-ن
      وَمِنۡ وَّمِنْ wamin and behind them
      خ-ل-ف
      خَلۡفِهِمۡ خَلْفِهِمْ khalfihim and behind them
      س-د-د
      سَدّٗا سَدًّا saddan a barrier.
      غ-ش-ي
      فَأَغۡشَيۡنَٰهُمۡ فَاَغْشَیْنٰهُمْ fa-aghshaynāhum and We covered them,
      ه-م
      فَهُمۡ فَهُمْ fahum so they
      ل-ا
      لَا لَا (do) not
      ب-ص-ر
      يُبۡصِرُونَ یُبْصِرُوْنَ yub'ṣirūna see.
      ٩ ٩ (9)

      ​and We have set a barrier in front of them and a barrier behind them, and then We have enshrouded them, so they do not see.

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

      36:10
      س-و-ي
      وَسَوَآءٌ وَسَوَآءٌ wasawāon And it (is) same
      ع-ل-ي
      عَلَيۡهِمۡ عَلَیْهِمْ ʿalayhim to them
      ن-ذ-ر
      ءَأَنذَرۡتَهُمۡ ءَاَنْذَرْتَهُمْ a-andhartahum whether you warn them
      ا-م
      أَمۡ اَمْ am or
      ل-م
      لَمۡ لَمْ lam (do) not
      ن-ذ-ر
      تُنذِرۡهُمۡ تُنْذِرْهُمْ tundhir'hum warn them,
      ل-ا
      لَا لَا not
      ا-م-ن
      يُؤۡمِنُونَ یُؤْمِنُوْنَ yu'minūna they will believe.
      ١٠ ١٠ (10)

      ​So it is the same to them whether you warn them or not— they won’t believe.

      - Thomas Cleary

      Surah Yaseen holds a significant place in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. It is the 36th chapter of the Quran, composed of 83 verses, and is often regarded as one of the most revered and powerful Surahs in the Quran.

      Considered the heart of the Quran, holds immense significance in traditional Islamic piety. It is widely recited by Muslims as part of their voluntary acts of devotion. In fact, for many, Surah Yaseen is the only surah of substantial length that they have memorized in its entirety. The profound impact and spiritual value of this surah are evident in various practices and traditions of Muslims.

      One well-known hadith states, “Recite Yaseen over your dead”. Hence, it is recited for those who are on the verge of death, those who have recently passed away, and at the graves of loved ones. This recitation serves as a supplication and a means of seeking forgiveness for the departed souls.

      Surah Yaseen is also recited for the sick. Another hadith affirms, “Verily, in the Quran, there is a surah that intercedes through its recitation and forgives through its being heard—indeed, that is Surat Yaseen”. Muslims believe in the healing and comforting power of reciting Surah Yaseen for the sick, seeking divine mercy and solace during times of illness.

      Furthermore, many Muslims make it a practice to recite Surah Yaseen after the obligatory prayers in the morning and evening. While the hadith explicitly mentioning this practice may not be found, it is commonly attributed to the statement of Ibn Abbas: “Whosoever recites Yaseen when he awakens is given ease for his day until the evening comes. And whosoever reads it in the midst of the night is given ease for his night until he awakens”.

      The Virtues of Surah Yaseen

      Syeda Aisha related that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Everything has a heart, and the heart of the Qur’an is Surah Yaseen. Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once receives the reward of reciting ten complete Qur’ans.1Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Mu’aqqal bin Yassar narrates that the Prophet Muhammad said:

      Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an. Whoever recites it for the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter, all their previous sins will be forgiven.2Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Hassan bin Atiya and Syeduna Ali relate that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen receives the goodness of both this world and the Hereafter. They will be protected from the trials and tribulations of both worlds. Surah Yaseen has the power to cure illnesses. Whoever writes it and then consumes it will experience an increase in faith and belief, blessings in sustenance, and the descent of mercy and light.3Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ revealed:

      I desire that every individual of my ummah (community) knows Surah Yaseen by heart.4Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen every night will die as a martyr.5Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Ata bin Abi Rubah recounts a hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning will have their needs fulfilled.6Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Abu Darda narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

      If Surah Yaseen is recited in the presence of a dying person, the agonies of death will be eased by its blessings. The profound wisdom behind reciting Surah Yaseen in such a moment lies in the diminishing strength of the physical body while the believer’s heart turns entirely towards Allah. The recitation strengthens their heart, heightens their awareness, and illumines their heart and vision with faith and recognition, ensuring the steadfastness of their iman.7Tafsir Ruh al Biyan

      According to Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, it is highly recommended for individuals who are approaching death, have recently passed away, or in the period following their demise, to recite Surah Yaseen. Additionally, he advises reciting Surah al-Rad (the 13th Surah) as a means to alleviate the pains experienced during the process of death, known as sakarat al-mawt. These valuable recommendations can be found in Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah.

      Abu Qullaba narrates:

      When Surah Yaseen is recited near a woman in labor, it alleviates the pains of childbirth.8Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Those who recite Surah Yaseen at night will experience happiness until the morning, while those who recite it in the morning will find security and comfort until the evening. This has been witnessed and affirmed through practice.9Tafseer al Qurtubi

      In times of a hardened heart, a Muslim can write Surah Yaseen using saffron in a container, and upon drinking it, their heart will be softened.10Durr al Manthoor fi’l tafsir bi’l Mathoor of Imam As Suyuti

      Syeduna Anas narrates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ declared:

      Whenever a Muslim visits a graveyard and recites Surah Yaseen, Allah diminishes the punishment for all those buried in that cemetery for that day. Moreover, the reciter will be rewarded with deeds equal to the good deeds of all those laid to rest in that graveyard.11Tafseer al Qurtubi

      The Various Names of Surah Yaseen

      Yaseen: The Heart of the Qur’an

      • Significance of Yaseen as the heart of the Quran
      • Emphasis on belief and certainty in the Hereafter
      • Connection between well-being of faith and understanding Yaseen

      Al-Azeema: The Grand

      • Surah Yaseen’s highly dignified and magnificent rank with Allah
      • Prophetic narration on the intercession of its reciter on the Day of Judgment
      • Yaseen as a Surah known to Allah as Al-Azeema

      Al-Mu’imma: The Involver

      • Involvement of the reciter in the goodness of this world and the Hereafter
      • Protection from worldly and Hereafter challenges through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Mudafi’a: The Ridding One

      • Surah Yaseen’s ability to rid the reciter of all evil
      • Protection and purification through the recitation of Yaseen

      Al-Qadiya: The Fulfiller

      • Yaseen as the means for the fulfillment of the reciter’s needs
      • Barakah and divine wisdom in the recitation of Surah Yaseen
      • Connection between recitation and the fulfillment of permissible desires

      These various names of Surah Yaseen highlight its central role in the Quran and its profound benefits for those who recite it with sincerity and understanding.

      Reason for Revelation

      The revelation of Surah Yaseen was a direct response to the disbelief and rejection exhibited by the idol-worshipping people of Makkah. They denied and refused to accept the fundamental concepts of the Day of Judgement, the resurrection after death, and the ultimate accountability before Allah’s court. However, these essential teachings formed the core of Islam, propagated by every prophet who emphasized the absolute Oneness of Allah and the abandonment of any partners. Moreover, they emphasized the inevitable dissolution of this world when Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement, would be established. On that fateful day, every individual would be raised from their graves and brought before Allah for their deeds to be weighed.

      When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began to convey these beliefs, the disbelievers of Makkah turned against him and vehemently refused to accept him as a prophet of Allah. They stubbornly rejected the concept of the Oneness of Allah and persisted in their idol worship. They adamantly refuted the inevitable occurrence of Qiyamah and the resurrection after death. It was in response to this rejection and obstinacy that Surah Yaseen was revealed. This Surah addressed the disbelief of the pagans, emphasizing the core principles of Islam, and inviting them to reflect upon the truth and abandon their false beliefs.

      Timing of revelation

      Surah Yaseen is universally recognized as a Makkan Surah, meaning it was revealed before the migration to Madinah. According to Ibn ‘Ashur, it was revealed after Surah al-Jinn, which itself was revealed in the 10th year of Prophethood. This chronological understanding provides valuable insights into the historical context of Surah Yaseen’s revelation.

      The 10th year in Makkah was an immensely challenging period for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as he faced two profound personal tragedies. In this year, he experienced the heartbreaking loss of his beloved wife Khadija and his supportive uncle Abu Talib. The sorrowful events of this year have led it to be known as the “Year of Sorrow.”

      These personal tragedies occurred amidst a broader backdrop of hostility, aggression, and oppression towards the Prophet and his followers in Makkah. The revelation of Surah Yaseen during such a difficult time sheds light on the message and lessons it contains, offering solace, guidance, and encouragement to the Prophet and the early Muslim community in the face of immense hardships.

      Subject Matters of Surah Yaseen

      The subject matter of Surah Yaseen revolves around several key themes. Firstly, it confirms the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and establishes his legitimacy as a messenger of Allah. The Surah also serves as evidence for the Oneness of Allah (Tawhid) and highlights the consequences faced by those who reject the prophets and deny the truth.

      Surah Yaseen encompasses six interconnected sections, each addressing a unique theme.

      Section One [1-12] – The Qur’an and the Heedless

      • The oath by the Qur’an as a source of wisdom
      • The purpose of the Qur’an to warn those whose forefathers were not warned (verse 3)
      • The indifference and disbelief of the heedless people

      Section Two [13-32] – Lessons from History

      • The account of the People of the Town and their rejection of three Messengers
      • The fate of the disbelievers and the message as a warning to the Quraysh
      • Drawing lessons from history and awakening from heedlessness

      Section Three [33-44] – Signs in Nature

      • Highlighting the physical signs in nature as evidence of design by a compassionate Creator
      • Beauty, organization, variety, and function in nature
      • Encouraging reflection on the purpose behind creation

      Section Four [45-47] – The Stubborn & The Blind

      • Describing the stubborn and blind who reject the signs in nature, history, and direct messages
      • Their lack of understanding of the purpose of charity and poverty
      • Addressing the question of God’s existence in the face of suffering

      Section Five [48-68] – The Blind of the Day of Judgement

      • Contemplating the consequences for those who persistently ignore compassionate advice
      • The reminder of the Day of Judgement and the consequences of disbelief
      • Warning against arrogance and the need for humility

      Section Six [69-83] – The Qur’an and the Arrogant

      • Refuting the notion of the Qur’an being mere poetry
      • Affirming the authenticity and divine nature of the message delivered by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
      • Emphasizing the Prophet’s role as a messenger on the straight path

      Style

      The presentation of these topics in Surah Yaseen showcases a unique and highly elegant style. The surah discusses these subjects in a manner that ordinary minds can comprehend and that deeply resonates within the heart. This style aligns perfectly with the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, which is not only a miracle in its entirety but also encompasses a multitude of individual miracles.

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